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AP US History Unit One

True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

 1. 

The first blacks in English America were brought to Virginia.
 

 2. 

Much of Anne Hutchinson’s problem with the Puritan leaders was because she was a woman.
 

 3. 

The “Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina” established a formal nobility and provided for religious toleration.
 

 4. 

Peter Stuyvesant was the defiant governor of Rhode Island.
 

 5. 

Delaware was originally part of Pennsylvania.
 

 6. 

The horse was the only domesticated four-legged animal in the New World before the arrival of the Europeans.
 

 7. 

Mary Scott was the first English child born in the New World.
 

 8. 

When English settlers reached the New World, they entered a pristine environment little changed by human intervention.
 

 9. 

New Englanders, more than Southerners turned to the sea for their livelihood.
 

 10. 

Nearly one-third of American colonists lived in cities at the end of the seventeenth century.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 11. 

When Christopher Columbus first reached the New World, the population of what is now the United States was about:
a.
100,000
c.
2,000,000
b.
500,000
d.
4,000,000
 

 12. 

The Anasazis:
a.
lacked a rigid class structure
c.
lived in the Southwest
b.
engaged in warfare only for self-defense
d.
all of the above
 

 13. 

Prince Henry The Navigator:
a.
began a systematic exploration of the coast of Africa
d.
reached the Philippines by sailing around Africa
b.
finaced Columbus’ first expedition
e.
was a great Italian seaman
c.
explored the Hudson River
 

 14. 

Which of the following plants did the Europeans introduce into the New World?
a.
cacao (chocolate) and sweet potatoes
d.
rice and oats
b.
peanuts and tobacco
e.
corn and barley
c.
pumpkins and tomatoes
 

 15. 

The explorer who landed in Newfoundland in 1497 and thus gave England the basis for a claim to North America was?
a.
John White
d.
Sir Humphrey Gilbert
b.
John Cabot
e.
Sir Francis Drake
c.
Arthur Barlowe
 

 16. 

The colony planted in 1587 at Roanoke?
a.
grew to become the present day state of North Carolina
d.
was left on it’s own for three years because of England’s war with Spain
b.
was the first permanent English colony in the New World
e.
was settled by William Bradford and the Pilgrims
c.
was extablished to mine the gold that Indians claimed was there
 

 17. 

The English Civil War:
a.
led to the executioin of Charles II
d.
led to France being kicked out of the New World
b.
overturned the reforms of the Glorious Revolution
e.
all of the above
c.
was fought between the supporters of Parliament and supporters of the Monarchy
 

 18. 

Bacon’s Rebellion:
a.
brought indentured servants and small farmers together against the colony’s rich planters and political leaders
d.
led to the burning of Charleston
b.
had the support of nearby Indian tribes
e.
all of above
c.
resulted from changes in the Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina that discriminated against Puritans
 

 19. 

The Mayflower Compact:
a.
completely separated civil and church governments
d.
called for total religious toleration
b.
was developed by settlers in Massachusetts Bay
e.
all of the above
c.
provided the original government for the Plymouth colony
 

 20. 

After 1644, the right to vote in Massachusetts Bay was restricted to those who?
a.
owned 100 acres of land
d.
had been listed as freemen in the original charter
b.
had come in the first voyage from England
e.
were form indentured servants
c.
were members of the Puritan church
 

 21. 

Which of the following was NOT true of the Quakers?
a.
Their religion was based on individual inspiration
c.
The only formal parts of the Quaker service were the pastor’s sermon and the communion
b.
They refused to take oaths
d.
They believed in the equality of the sexes and the full participation of women in religious affairs
 

 22. 

Which of the following was NOT one of the ways in which the English colonies differed from the Spanish?
a.
There was less centralized control in the English colonies than in the Spanish
c.
Most of the settlers in the English colonies came from the mother country so there was less variety among the views of the settlers
b.
The English colonies were develped with private investment funds rather than royal money
d.
The English colonies were settled in a compact geographical area
 

 23. 

Which of the following statements about the early American colonial population is true?
a.
The birth rate was lower than in Europe
d.
The number of males greatly exceeded females in the southern colonies
b.
The death rate was higher than in Europe
e.
By 1650, European settlers greatly outnumbered Native Americans in the New World
c.
The number of females greatly exceeded males in the northern colonies
 

 24. 

Women in the American colonies:
a.
generally had a lower status in society than did women in Europe
c.
could vote and hold office
b.
often remained confined to the domestic sphere
d.
were not likely to find eligible men to marry
 

 25. 

Slaves who were brought to the English colonies:
a.
were mostly from eastern Africa
d.
generally came to Ellis Island in New York
b.
had a better chance to survive than those shipped to other New World destinations
e.
took part in many violetn uprisings against their masters
c.
were forced to learn English on the ships
 

 26. 

The most culturally diverse of the American colonies were:
a.
in the South
c.
in New England
b.
in the Middle Colonies
d.
they were roughly the same
 

 27. 

The witchcraft hysteria in Salem:
a.
resulted in the execution by burning of three women
d.
was caused in part by the general upheaval in the political, social, and religious life of the area
b.
lasted nealy eight years
e.
was caused by Anne Hutchinson and Roger Williams followers
c.
was led by Jonathan Edwards and the president of Harvard College
 

 28. 

After the English, the next largest white ethnic groups in the colonies were the:
a.
Germans and Scotch-Irish
d.
Dutch and Swedish
b.
Irish and Scandinavians
e.
Swiss and Dutch
c.
French and Spanish
 

 29. 

The Enlightenment:
a.
led some people to the idea that God was a master clockmaker who planned the universe and set it in motion
c.
was based mainly on the writings of Martin Luther
b.
was rejected by most Puritan leaders
d.
all of the above
 

 30. 

The Great Awakening develped in reaction to the:
a.
Deism and skepticism associated with the Enlightenment
c.
increasing education and sophistication of backwoods settlers
b.
increasing role of emotionalism in relgion
d.
tendency of the Enlightenment to place great emphasis on formal religioin
 

 31. 

All of the following were principles of Mercantilism except:
a.
a nation should increase its store of gold and silver
c.
a nation should seek to specialize in the economic goods it could produce best, and depend on the other countries for what it could not easily produce
b.
a nation should limit foreign imports and encourage the developement of domestic manufacturing
d.
colonies should be a source of raw materials and a market for finished goods from the mother country
 

 32. 

Under the Navigation Act of 1660, the enumerated articles could be:
a.
shipped only to England or other English colonies
c.
purchased from any nation
b.
purchased only from England
d.
sold to whomever the colonists wished
 

 33. 

John Locke’s contract theory of government argued that:
a.
men have certain rights in the state of nature, including the right to life, liberty and property
c.
kings have a “devine right” to rule their subjects as long as their subjects prosper
b.
governments were formed when strong men seized authority as kings to protect natural rights
d.
the only legitimate governments are ones that allow all adults, regardless of sex and race to vote
 

 34. 

Which of the following was NOT an advantage that the French had in their settlements in North America?
a.
Their claims gave them access to the interior river systems
c.
Their government was more efficient and responsive to orders from governors because there were no representative assemblies
b.
They had better relations with the Indians
d.
The population that had settled their lands exhibited greater ethnic diversity
 

 35. 

The Iroquois Indians were most active against the?
a.
Dutch
c.
French
b.
English
d.
Spanish
 

 36. 

One change brought to the American colonies after the Glorious Revolution was that the:
a.
concept of the Dominion of New England was extended to the southern colonies
c.
new monarch showed little interest in the colonies because of his desire to force the French out of North America
b.
colonies were inspired to lead a revolt against King William
d.
monarchy attempted to tighen its grip on thge colonists by making more of them royal colonies
 

 37. 

The Albany Congress:
a.
was the first official body to consider independence from Great Britain
c.
unanimously accepted the Plan of Union
b.
signed the Peace of Utrecht, thus ending Queen Anne’s War
d.
met to consider precautions against the French threat
 

 38. 

The decisive battle of the French and Indain War was:
a.
Charleston
d.
Yorktown
b.
Portsmouth
e.
Quebec
c.
Ticonderoga
 

 39. 

As a result of the Peace of Paris:
a.
Spain won control of the Louisiana Territory
c.
Spain was pushed back to what in now Oregon and Washington
b.
France won control of Florida
d.
France was pushed back to what is now Oregon and Washington
 

 40. 

The center of the British-French conflict on the North American continent was the:
a.
Ohio Valley
d.
mouth of the Mississippi and New Orleans
b.
Great Lakes
e.
Louisiana Territory
c.
Mississippi River
 

 41. 

Many people believe the first North American settlement was built by
a.
Erik the Red.
c.
Mansa Musa.
b.
Charlemagne.
d.
Leif Eriksson.
 

 42. 

Magna Carta provided which group with guaranteed basic liberties?
a.
nobles
c.
peasants
b.
serfs
d.
all men
 

 43. 

The first people in the Americas were the
a.
Paleo-Indians.
c.
Anasazi.
b.
Hopewell.
d.
Pueblo.
 

 44. 

The Aztec viewed warfare as
a.
something to be avoided at all costs.
c.
less desirable than diplomacy.
b.
objectionable.
d.
a sacred duty.
 

 45. 

The largest Mississippian settlement was located near present-day
a.
Chicago.
c.
New Orleans.
b.
St. Louis.
d.
Memphis.
 

 46. 

Spain’s American empire was not challenged until the
a.
early 1400s.
c.
early 1500s.
b.
late 1500s.
d.
late 1600s.
 

 47. 

Crotoan was the American Indian name for
a.
corn.
c.
an inland sea.
b.
an island off the coast.
d.
squash.
 

 48. 

Inflation refers to
a.
decreasing prices.
c.
increasing prices.
b.
economic stability.
d.
increasing debts.
 

 49. 

The “Lost Colony” was located in
a.
Roanoke.
c.
Newfoundland.
b.
Jamestown.
d.
Plymouth.
 

 50. 

What type of struggle was the Protestant Reformation?
a.
political
c.
religious
b.
political, religious, and territorial
d.
territorial
 

 51. 

King James I issued the Charter of 1606 so that
a.
the London Company and Plymouth Company could organize settlements in Virginia.
b.
England could claim French lands in Canada.
c.
he could collect taxes from English colonists.
d.
England could establish colonies west of the Mississippi River.
 

 52. 

Christopher Columbus grew up in
a.
Lisbon, Portugal.
c.
Palos, Spain.
b.
Paris, France.
d.
Genoa, Italy.
 

 53. 

The golden palaces and temples described by Marco Polo were in
a.
Asia.
c.
North America.
b.
Africa.
d.
South America.
 

 54. 

The great naval battle fought in 1588 was a great victory for the
a.
English.
c.
French.
b.
Spanish.
d.
Portuguese.
 

 55. 

New Mexico’s first settlement was established by
a.
Junípero Serra.
c.
Juan de Oñate.
b.
Popé.
d.
Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo.
 

 56. 

Which of these statements about tobacco growing in Jamestown is accurate?
a.
It was a source of conflict with the American Indians.
b.
It was unsuccessful because of poor soil.
c.
It was limited to low-lying areas.
d.
It brought an end to indentured servitude.
 

 57. 

The oldest city established by Europeans within the present-day United States is
a.
Jamestown.
c.
St. Augustine.
b.
Plymouth.
d.
Roanoke.
 

 58. 

Which colony did Spain establish last?
a.
California
c.
Texas
b.
Florida
d.
New Mexico
 

 59. 

Spain’s Royal Orders for New Discoveries commanded priests to do all of the following EXCEPT
a.
teach Catholicism.
c.
teach about weapons.
b.
teach about horses.
d.
teach English grammar.
 

 60. 

Which of these statements about Spanish women in the colonies is NOT TRUE?
a.
Many wealthy women cooked.
b.
There were few opportunities for women.
c.
Many women managed haciendas.
d.
Women could not own property.
 

 61. 

Which of these statements about the Powhatan is accurate?
a.
They taught the early settlers how to cultivate corn.
b.
They burned the shelters of the early settlers.
c.
They taught the settlers how to fish.
d.
They took gold from the settlers.
 

 62. 

The document that established a self-governing colony based on majority rule of male church members was the
a.
Mayflower Compact.
c.
Toleration Act.
b.
Albany Plan of Union.
d.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut.
 

 63. 

The planter who organized an army of western Virginia settlers and attacked American Indians on the frontier was
a.
Edmund Andros.
c.
William Pitt.
b.
Nathaniel Bacon.
d.
Charles Whitefield.
 

 64. 

The first written constitution in the colonies was the
a.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut.
c.
Albany Plan of Union.
b.
Mayflower Compact.
d.
Toleration Act.
 

 65. 

The colony that began as a “Holy Experiment” was
a.
Georgia.
c.
Pennsylvania.
b.
Delaware.
d.
New Amsterdam.
 

 66. 

Who explored the Mississippi River in the late 1600s?
a.
Giovanni da Verrazano
c.
René-Robert de La Salle
b.
Jacques Cartier
d.
Louis-Joseph de Montcalm
 

 67. 

Who assumed full control of Great Britain’s war efforts during the French and Indian War?
a.
William Pitt
c.
Jeffrey Amherst
b.
James Wolfe
d.
William Berkeley
 

 68. 

Bacon’s Rebellion occurred because
a.
Nathaniel Bacon was against the planting of tobacco.
b.
the settlers wanted more American Indian land for farming.
c.
the House of Burgesses was against the settlers.
d.
indentured servants were buying all of the available land.
 

 69. 

What is the name of the difficult ocean journey that was endured by slaves?
a.
Moving Passage
c.
Middle Passage
b.
Slave Passage
d.
Ocean Passage
 

 70. 

Olaudah Equiano’s autobiography
a.
convinced many people of the need to stop the slave trade.
b.
encouraged a series of religious revivals.
c.
convinced many people to support public education.
d.
focused on the perils of living on the frontier.
 

 71. 

The Quakers were
a.
members of a Protestant sect.
c.
wealthy plantation owners.
b.
members of a Catholic sect.
d.
led by Cecilius Calvert.
 

 72. 

Abolitionists
a.
did not become a strong force until the early 1800s.
b.
wanted to split from the Anglican Church.
c.
wanted reforms in the Roman Catholic Church.
d.
became a powerful force in the early 1700s.
 

 73. 

The most important crop in the Chesapeake and Virginia was
a.
cotton.
c.
tobacco.
b.
indigo.
d.
corn.
 

 74. 

The colony that was supposed to help England’s poor was
a.
New York.
c.
Georgia.
b.
Delaware.
d.
New Jersey.
 

 75. 

The revolution in ideas that emphasized human reason was known as the
a.
Restoration.
c.
Glorious Revolution.
b.
Great Awakening.
d.
Enlightenment.
 

 76. 

The Thanksgiving holiday tradition owes much to the Wampanoag and the kindness of
a.
Metacomet.
c.
Squanto.
b.
Pocahontas.
d.
Miantonomo.
 

 77. 

Most Puritans
a.
left England.
c.
supported Oliver Cromwell.
b.
left the Anglican Church.
d.
were Separatists.
 

 78. 

The New England Way referred to
a.
cooperation between church and state.
b.
a method of contour farming.
c.
a book of sayings about religious tolerance.
d.
a law that required that individual towns maintain schools.
 

 79. 

New England women generally
a.
worked in the fields.
b.
were the main providers for their families.
c.
were expected to obey their husbands.
d.
did not accept their social roles.
 

 80. 

Which of the following DOES NOT describe life in New England?
a.
Families were small.
b.
Disease posed no great problem.
c.
Food was plentiful.
d.
There was little need for extra laborers.
 



 
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