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The Cold War

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

The competition between the United States and the Soviet Union was known as the
A.
Powers War.
C.
Hot War.
B.
Competitive War.
D.
Cold War.
 

 2. 

The United States had trouble trusting the Soviet Union after World War II because of
A.
Soviet expansion.
B.
Soviet spies.
C.
the Soviet Union’s refusal to help pay for war damages.
D.
the Soviet Union’s new leaders.
 

 3. 

Satellite nations were countries under the control of
A.
the United States.
C.
France.
B.
Great Britain.
D.
the Soviet Union.
 

 4. 

Restricting the expansion of Soviet communism was called
A.
restriction.
C.
communism restraint.
B.
expansionism.
D.
containment.
 

 5. 

In 1946 Congress placed nuclear weapons research under civilian control with passage of the
A.
Atomic Energy Act.
C.
Baruch Amendment.
B.
Containment Act.
D.
Weapons Research Act.
 

 6. 

Food and supplies were delivered to people in West Berlin during the
A.
Marshall Plan.
C.
Baruch Plan.
B.
Berlin Airlift.
D.
German Strike.
 

 7. 

Which of these nations did not join NATO and pledge to defend other member nations in the case of an outside attack?
A.
United States
C.
Soviet Union
B.
Canada
D.
Iceland
 

 8. 

Which of these men was treated as a hero upon returning to the United States during the Korean War, even though he had been relieved of his command?
A.
President Truman
C.
Joseph McCarthy
B.
General MacArthur
D.
Ralph Bunche
 

 9. 

President Truman did not run for re-election in 1952 because he
A.
had little support.
B.
became very ill.
C.
lost enthusiasm for the job.
D.
had already served two consecutive terms.
 

 10. 

Who did the Republicans choose as their presidential candidate for the 1952 election?
A.
Harry S Truman
C.
Adlai Stevenson
B.
Douglas MacArthur
D.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
 

 11. 

Along with technology, what else did the Eisenhower administration consider crucial to ending communist expansion?
A.
naval bases
C.
space exploration
B.
nuclear arms
D.
personnel
 

 12. 

The offering of military aid to any Middle East nation seeking help in resisting communist aggression came from the
A.
Eisenhower Pledge.
C.
Eisenhower Doctrine.
B.
Truman Papers.
D.
Dulles Policy.
 

 13. 

In 1959 Vice President Nixon and Soviet Premier Khrushchev agreed to meet in Paris to discuss
A.
arms reduction.
C.
the Korean War.
B.
expansion.
D.
space exploration.
 

 14. 

Which U.S. agency appropriated millions of dollars to improve education in science, mathematics, and foreign languages?
A.
National Defense Administration
C.
Central Intelligence Agency
B.
National Security Council
D.
Revenue Department
 

 15. 

Which country launched Sputnik into space in 1957?
A.
France
C.
the Soviet Union
B.
the United States
D.
Great Britain
 

 16. 

Which U.S. agency was established to advise the president on strategic matters?
A.
National Defense Administration
C.
Central Intelligence Agency
B.
National Security Council
D.
Revenue Department
 

 17. 

In 1911 a group of students in China formed what type of party?
A.
Republican
C.
Democratic
B.
Socialist
D.
Communist
 

 18. 

Which of these is NOT a major principle of the United States?
A.
democratic government
C.
belief in individual freedom
B.
capitalist economy
D.
suppression of religion
 

 19. 

Which of these was NOT a major principle of the Soviet Union?
A.
communism
C.
one-party rule
B.
democratic government
D.
state-run economy
 

 20. 

A Nazi official escaped prosecution after World War II by fleeing to
A.
China.
C.
Latin America.
B.
Siberia.
D.
Sweden.
 

 21. 

The UN General Assembly focuses on
A.
the organization’s policies.
C.
military and political problems.
B.
world hunger.
D.
war crimes.
 

 22. 

The UN Security Council addresses
A.
the organization’s policies.
C.
military and political problems.
B.
world hunger.
D.
war crimes.
 

 23. 

After World War II many European Jews moved to
A.
Sweden.
C.
Palestine.
B.
Australia.
D.
India.
 

 24. 

The International Military Tribunal for the Far East was established to try suspected war criminals from the war in the
A.
Pacific Ocean.
C.
Arctic Ocean.
B.
Atlantic Ocean.
D.
Indian Ocean.
 

 25. 

The president who made good on his promise to end the Korean War was
A.
President Truman.
C.
President Cleveland.
B.
President Hoover.
D.
President Eisenhower.
 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement.
A.
Central Intelligence Agency
J.
National Defense Administration
B.
containment
K.
Nuremberg
C.
Explorer I
L.
Mao Zedong
D.
General MacArthur
M.
Sputnik
E.
Ralph Bunche
N.
United Nations
F.
Alger Hiss
O.
zaibatsu
G.
Hollywood Ten
P.
President Truman
H.
George C. Marshall
Q.
Zionism
I.
Joseph McCarthy
 

 26. 

huge family-run corporations in Japan
 

 27. 

international organization aimed at establishing world peace
 

 28. 

secretary of state who directed economic aid for Western Europe
 

 29. 

U.S. effort to stop the spread of Soviet communism
 

 30. 

revolutionary Chinese communist leader
 

 31. 

site of German war crime trials
 

 32. 

movement for a Jewish homeland in Palestine
 

 33. 

the first American to receive the Nobel Peace Prize won for his peacemaking efforts between the Arabs and Jews in Palestine
 

 34. 

was angered when MacArthur demanded an unconditional surrender from North Korea during the Korean War
 

 35. 

a communist spy who possessed the famous “pumpkin papers”
 

 36. 

a group of actors who refused to answer questions from the HUAC and were sent to jail
 

 37. 

the United States’s first satellite in orbit
 

 38. 

established to gather strategic military and political information overseas
 

 39. 

led a battle to remove Communists from the United States and was condemned by the Senate for conduct unbecoming a senator
 



 
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