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Mastering The Civil War

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Draft exemptions for wealthy plantation owners who were slaveholders put the major burden for fighting the war for the Confederacy on
a.
slaves.
c.
German and Irish immigrants.
b.
teenage boys.
d.
poor farmers and working people.
 

 2. 

The largest city in the South during the Civil War was
a.
New Orleans.
c.
Chancellorsville.
b.
Atlanta.
d.
Richmond.
 

 3. 

President Lincoln was disappointed with General McClellan because McClellan
a.
was impulsive.
b.
was often reluctant to attack the Confederate armies.
c.
ran an undisciplined army camp.
d.
took too many risks.
 

 4. 

After the Battle of Antetam, the Union forces were placed under the command of
a.
Joseph E. Johnston.
c.
Ulysses S. Grant.
b.
George B. McClellan.
d.
Ambrose E. Burnside.
 

 5. 

It was important for the North to keep control of Fort Sumter because
a.
it had great symbolic value as a U.S. landmark.
b.
it was the site of a federal prison.
c.
it was a vacation home for the president.
d.
losing it would be a sign that Lincoln would not protect federal property in the seceded states.
 

 6. 

The significance of the South’s loss at the Battle of Antietam was that
a.
it cost the South any hope for support from a European country.
b.
no soldiers died.
c.
it was a resounding victory for the North.
d.
it showed that General McClellan was a truly great leader.
 

 7. 

Union troops lost the Battle of Fredricksburg because
a.
they were greatly outnumbered by the Confederates.
b.
they were lost in the hills above the town.
c.
the Confederates cornered them at the Rappahannock River.
d.
they were ordered to cross an open field.
 

 8. 

Which of the following statements about the Battle of Shiloh is NOT true?
a.
Ulysses S. Grant led the Union forces.
b.
Both sides suffered great losses.
c.
Robert E. Lee led the Confederate army.
d.
The Union army won the battle.
 

 9. 

General Stonewall Jackson was injured and later died from injuries received at the Battle of Chancellorsville when he
a.
dressed up as a Union soldier and was shot by his own men.
b.
attempted to outflank the Union army.
c.
was assassinated by his own rebellious troops.
d.
was mistaken for a Union soldier and shot by his own men.
 

 10. 

The Union’s plan for blocking all ports in the South was called
a.
the Crittenden Compromise.
c.
the Peninsula Campaign.
b.
Scott’s Plan.
d.
the Anaconda Plan.
 

 11. 

By continuing to fight until the South ran out of men, supplies, and will, General Grant waged
a.
a total war.
c.
a civil war.
b.
a war of attrition.
d.
an illegal war.
 

 12. 

President Lincoln’s call for troops after the fall of Fort Sumter
a.
resulted in four more southern states seceding.
b.
resulted in seven more southern states seceding.
c.
resulted in three more southern states seceding.
d.
resulted in two more southern states seceding.
 

 13. 

The Union troops that were dispatched to fight in the First Battle of Bull Run
a.
had soldiers with an average age of 30.
b.
were barely trained.
c.
were very well trained.
d.
were composed primarily of American Indians.
 

 14. 

In July 1863, Union victories at Vicksburg and Port Hudson were significant because
a.
they resulted in the freeing of slaves who went on to join the Union army.
b.
they gave the Union total control of the Mississippi River, thereby cutting off Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas from the rest of the Confederacy.
c.
Stonewall Jackson was killed during the Siege of Vicksburg.
d.
Confederate troops, forced to eat their mules for food, were unable to transport their supplies.
 

 15. 

The worst conditions of the Civil War were found in
a.
the cities of the South.
b.
the prisoner-of-war camps in both the North and the South.
c.
the hospitals.
d.
the farms of the South.
 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement.
a.
Clara Barton
g.
George Meade
b.
Joseph E. Johnston
h.
Mary Boykin Chesnut
c.
Mathew Brady
i.
Winfield Scott
d.
Elizabeth Blackwell
j.
Ambrose E. Burnside
e.
Martin Delany
k.
James E. B. “Jeb” Stuart
f.
Sally Louisa Tompkins
l.
David Farragut
 

 16. 

the first African American to attain the rank of major
 

 17. 

the Confederate general who led southern troops in the first battle of the Civil War
 

 18. 

a Confederate woman who was commissioned as a captain in the Confederate army so that the hospital she founded could qualify as a military hospital
 

 19. 

he commanded the Union ships that captured New Orleans
 

 20. 

Union commander who ordered troops to cross an open plain during the battle at Fredricksburg
 

 21. 

a nurse during the Civil War; started the American Red Cross after the war
 

 22. 

the Union general who commanded the Battle of Gettysburg
 

 23. 

a well-known photographer of the Civil War
 

 24. 

a southern woman who kept a journal during the Civil War and later rewrote it for publication
 

 25. 

he commanded a Confederate cavalry unit that gathered information on the Union troops used by Robert E. Lee during the Seven Days’ Battles
 



 
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