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The West

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

American Indians who agreed to go to reservations
A.
discovered that the U.S. government did not honor its treaties with them.
B.
became successful farmers and ranchers.
C.
were generously assisted by government subsidies for education, food, and other supplies.
D.
welcomed the opportunity to assimilate into the rest of American society.
 

 2. 

Many Plains Indians refused to live on reservations because
A.
the U.S. government refused to meet their demands.
B.
the U.S. government never offered them a treaty.
C.
their leaders preferred an honorable death to life on a reservation.
D.
following the roaming buffalo herds was a part of their culture that they did not want to give up.
 

 3. 

The Sand Creek Massacre occurred because
A.
Black Kettle distrusted the soldiers and hoped to gain victory through a surprise attack.
B.
Cheyenne men returning from a hunt opened fire on the soldiers.
C.
Colonel Chivington ordered his troops to open fire to kill the Indians.
D.
The Cheyenne panicked and began to run when they saw the soldiers.
 

 4. 

The U.S. government attempted to assimilate American Indians into the white culture by
A.
eliminating the Indian reservations.
B.
canceling all treaties made with Indians.
C.
establishing American Indian schools and adopting the Dawes General Allotment Act.
D.
allowing some American Indian groups to return to their lands and nomadic lifestyles.
 

 5. 

In 1889 the government gave non-Indian homesteaders land taken from the Creek and Seminole in
A.
Kansas.
C.
Colorado.
B.
New Mexico.
D.
Oklahoma.
 

 6. 

African American settlers rushed into Kansas during the so-called Kansas Fever of
A.
1852.
C.
1877.
B.
1867.
D.
1894.
 

 7. 

Homesteaders lived in sod houses, which were
A.
well-insulated, windproof, and fireproof.
B.
dry and clean compared to log cabins.
C.
dangerous due to the frequent wildfires on the plains.
D.
cool in the summer but cold and drafty during the winter.
 

 8. 

Sheep ranching
A.
was introduced by non-Indian settlers moving west from the Mississippi Valley.
B.
was widely despised by cattle ranchers.
C.
was first practiced by the Navajo and Apache of the Southwest.
D.
gradually replaced cattle ranching over much of the West.
 

 9. 

When the long cattle drives reached the railheads,
A.
cowboys were forbidden from entering the towns by temperance societies.
B.
few cowboys remained long in the towns.
C.
cowboys spent their earnings freely in saloons and gambling halls.
D.
many cowboys settled down in the new communities.
 

 10. 

One of the most influential of the frontier artists was
A.
Willa Cather.
C.
Frederic Remington.
B.
Benjamin Singleton.
D.
Joseph Glidden.
 

 11. 

The cattle boom ended because
A.
many herds became infected with Texas fever.
B.
American Indians left their reservations and attacked ranchers and killed the cattle.
C.
sheep were more successful on the Great Plains.
D.
there were too many cattle and the open-range declined due to barbed wire.
 

 12. 

The United States purchased Alaska from Russia in
A.
1859.
C.
1898.
B.
1867.
D.
1902.
 

 13. 

Western mining camps
A.
often practiced discrimination.
B.
quickly became established family communities.
C.
became more peaceful through the establishment of vigilante committees.
D.
encouraged Asians, African Americans, and other minorities to settle.
 

 14. 

New technology changed mining by
A.
making for safer working conditions.
B.
reducing the need for large numbers of laborers.
C.
enabling individual prospectors to compete with large companies.
D.
creating deep-rock mining shafts where working conditions were dangerous and unpleasant.
 

 15. 

Mining unions
A.
opposed Chinese miners.
B.
encouraged Chinese miners to join.
C.
failed to improve mining conditions.
D.
forced the closure of dangerous mines.
 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement.
A.
Bureau of Indian Affairs
I.
Willa Cather
B.
Massacre at Wounded Knee
J.
railhead
C.
Sarah Winnemucca
K.
open range
D.
George Armstrong Custer
L.
Joseph Glidden
E.
Sitting Bull
M.
Texas longhorn
F.
Morrill Act
N.
Comstock Lode
G.
sod houses
O.
hard-rock mining
H.
bonanza farm
P.
William H. Seward
 

 16. 

one of the world’s richest silver veins, located in Nevada’s Carson River valley
 

 17. 

the last great battle between American Indians and soldiers on the Great Plains
 

 18. 

government land act that granted more than 17 million acres of federal land to the states
 

 19. 

a writer who told stories of life on the Great Plains
 

 20. 

a Paiute reformer who called attention to injustices toward American Indians and gave lectures to non-Indian audiences
 

 21. 

U.S. Army general who led soldiers in the Battle of the Little Bighorn where he and a battalion of his soldiers were killed
 

 22. 

a town located along a railroad where cattle were sold and shipped east
 

 23. 

a large-scale farming operation made possible by the use of new farm machinery and cheap land
 

 24. 

sinking deep shafts into the earth to obtain ore locked in veins of rocks
 

 25. 

government agency responsible for managing issues involving American Indians
 

 26. 

U.S. secretary of state who negotiated the purchase of Alaska in 1867
 

 27. 

an Illinois farmer who patented barbed wire
 

 28. 

a great chief of the Lakota Sioux who led them in battles against U.S. soldiers
 

 29. 

a hardy breed of cattle that could travel long distances with little water and survive on grass
 

 30. 

free grazing land used by western ranchers
 



 
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