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Civil Rights

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Which group’s actions led to the integration of many southern restaurants?
A.
Nation of Islam
C.
Freedom Riders
B.
Black Panthers
D.
SNCC
 

 2. 

Who was the FBI director who attempted to “disrupt” and “discredit” black nationalists and various civil rights organizations?
A.
Jimmy Kelley
C.
Stokely Carmichael
B.
J. Edgar Hoover
D.
Allan Bakke
 

 3. 

Which organization was formed by white and African American southern student activists?
A.
SCLC
C.
CORE
B.
SNCC
D.
COFO
 

 4. 

Which event led to dramatic increases in African American voter registration?
A.
COFO voter registration drives
B.
passage of the Voting Rights Act
C.
March on Washington
D.
founding of the Black Panther Party
 

 5. 

The Montgomery Improvement Association expanded into the
A.
Southern Christian Leadership Conference.
B.
Congress of Racial Equality.
C.
Council of Federated Organizations.
D.
Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party.
 

 6. 

The Voter Education Project was founded with the assistance of the
A.
Johnson administration.
C.
Eisenhower administration.
B.
Ford administration.
D.
Kennedy administration.
 

 7. 

According to the Kerner Commission, what was largely responsible for causing the tensions that led to the riots in Detroit and other cities in the mid-1960s?
A.
white racism
B.
failure to gain major civil rights legislation
C.
black racism
D.
passage of new segregation laws
 

 8. 

The plan that brought in white volunteers to help with voter registration efforts was called
A.
the Poor People’s Campaign.
C.
Rainbow Summer.
B.
Freedom Summer.
D.
Operation Vote.
 

 9. 

Who was the governor who banned the protest march from Selma to Montgomery in 1965?
A.
Andrew Goodman
C.
George Wallace
B.
T. Eugene Connor
D.
Ross Barnett
 

 10. 

Why were many SNCC members reluctant to join a coalition between the SNCC and the Black Panthers in 1968?
A.
Most of their civil rights goals had already been achieved.
B.
The Black Panthers were too conservative.
C.
The Black Panthers openly supported violence.
D.
They preferred the methods of the Nation of Islam.
 

 11. 

From which jail did Martin Luther King Jr. write a famous letter to a group of clergymen?
A.
McComb
C.
Selma
B.
Memphis
D.
Birmingham
 

 12. 

Which Supreme Court decision struck down the quota system?
A.
University of California v. Bakke
C.
Brown v. Board of Education
B.
Milliken v. Bradley
D.
Evers v. Smith
 

 13. 

SNCC organizer John Lewis maintained that if voter registration could be increased in this state it could be increased in the rest of the country.
A.
Alabama
C.
North Carolina
B.
Mississippi
D.
Tennessee
 

 14. 

Who was the Supreme Court justice who dissented from the Court’s majority ruling in University of California v. Bakke?
A.
Thurgood Marshall
C.
Michael Harrington
B.
William Rutherford
D.
J. Edgar Hoover
 

 15. 

Carl Stokes became the first African American mayor of
A.
Cleveland.
C.
Milwaukee.
B.
Detroit.
D.
Chicago.
 

 16. 

Which Court case encouraged companies to create affirmative action programs?
A.
Ward v. Cleaver
C.
Milliken v. Bradley
B.
University of California v. Bakke
D.
Griggs v. Duke Power Co.
 

 17. 

The Supreme Court banned racial segregation in public schools in
A.
1963.
C.
1941.
B.
1968.
D.
1954.
 

 18. 

In the early 1970s polls showed that white Americans
A.
were almost unanimously opposed to court-ordered busing.
B.
approved of court-ordered busing by a 2-to-1 margin.
C.
opposed court-ordered busing by a 3-to-1 margin.
D.
were almost unanimously in favor of court-ordered busing.
 

 19. 

Under Stokely Carmichael, the SNCC began controversial protests against
A.
the Black Panthers.
C.
court-ordered busing.
B.
the Vietnam War.
D.
the policies of Elijah Muhammad.
 

 20. 

What was the name of the settlement constructed to draw attention to African American poverty?
A.
Resurrection City
C.
Poorhouse City
B.
City of Angels
D.
Hooverville
 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement.
A.
Robert Moses
G.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
B.
Medgar Evers
H.
Black Panther Party
C.
Martin Luther King Jr.
I.
Voting Rights Act
D.
James Chaney
J.
James Meredith
E.
Malcolm X
K.
Elijah Muhammad
F.
Ralph Abernathy
L.
Freedom Riders
 

 21. 

hoped to draw attention to violations of a Supreme Court ruling that stated that segregation was illegal in facilities that served interstate travelers
 

 22. 

put the entire voter registration process under federal control
 

 23. 

leader of the SNCC who wanted white supporters to help in voter registration drives
 

 24. 

took over as leader of the SCLC after Martin Luther King Jr.’s assassination
 

 25. 

called for unity among all people after converting to orthodox Islam
 

 26. 

started by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale
 

 27. 

became the leader of the Nation of Islam in the early 1930s
 

 28. 

CORE worker who was murdered during Freedom Summer
 

 29. 

delivered one of the most famous addresses in American history in 1963
 

 30. 

NAACP field secretary who was murdered by a white racist in 1963
 



 
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