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The Gilded Age

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

About 70 percent of the new immigrants came from
A.
southern or eastern Europe.
C.
Asia.
B.
northern or western Europe.
D.
Africa.
 

 2. 

Many new immigrants came to the United States
A.
to escape prosecution for crimes they committed.
B.
to invest in the new booming economy.
C.
because they believed social programs would provide them with needed medical care and educational opportunities.
D.
to escape poverty and religious and political persecution.
 

 3. 

The immigration station at Ellis Island
A.
received immigrants who were mainly from Asia.
B.
automatically accepted almost everyone who applied for admission to the United States.
C.
gave all newcomers a physical exam and turned away those with serious illnesses.
D.
turned away the majority of people hoping to enter the United States.
 

 4. 

The greatest number of immigrants entered the United States in
A.
1860.
C.
1880.
B.
1870.
D.
1900.
 

 5. 

Between 1865 and 1900, the percentage of Americans living in cities
A.
doubled.
C.
decreased by 50 percent.
B.
tripled.
D.
remained about the same.
 

 6. 

Mass transit
A.
made it practical to build skyscrapers.
B.
allowed urban areas to expand far from the central business district.
C.
resulted in a rapid loss of population in the core of cities.
D.
had little effect on where workers lived because few could afford to regularly travel by mass transit.
 

 7. 

The first electric trolley, or streetcar, began service in
A.
Richmond, Virginia.
C.
Cleveland, Ohio.
B.
St. Paul, Minnesota.
D.
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
 

 8. 

During the late 1800s, the middle class
A.
deserted the city.
B.
grew rapidly as a result of the growth of new industries.
C.
shrank in numbers while the upper and lower classes expanded sharply.
D.
gave large sums of money to philanthropic organizations.
 

 9. 

During the late 1800s, the working poor
A.
received increasingly good wages.
B.
lived principally in the suburbs where rent was lower.
C.
benefited from a building boom that resulted in an excess of housing and lower costs for rent.
D.
lived in crowded tenements close to the factories, ports, and stockyards where they worked.
 

 10. 

During the last half of the 1800s, educational reform
A.
made large strides toward racially integrating all public schools.
B.
was limited by small increases in funding for education.
C.
included instruction in behavior, civic loyalty, and American cultural values.
D.
reached only the children of the middle and upper classes.
 

 11. 

Between 1865 and 1910, the numbers of newspapers in the United States
A.
increased slowly.
C.
tripled.
B.
doubled.
D.
increased by more than five times.
 

 12. 

Edith Wharton was a
A.
reporter for the New York World.
B.
cartoonist who created “the Yellow Kid.”
C.
novelist who wrote The House of Mirth.
D.
musician who wrote “The Maple Leaf Rag.”
 

 13. 

The first professional baseball team, which began playing ball in 1869, was the
A.
Cincinnati Red Stockings.
C.
Brooklyn Dodgers.
B.
St. Louis Cardinals.
D.
Boston Red Sox.
 

 14. 

James Naismith invented the game of
A.
baseball.
C.
football.
B.
basketball.
D.
croquet.
 

 15. 

Many Americans attended the theater and enjoyed melodramatic performances in which
A.
the villains were poor immigrants and the heroes were generous nouveau riche.
B.
the villains were immigrants and the heroes were nativists.
C.
the villains were nativists and the heroes were Americanized immigrants.
D.
the villains were wealthy aristocrats and the heroes were working-class people.
 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement.
A.
new immigrants
K.
settlement houses
B.
steerage
L.
Elisha Otis
C.
benevolent societies
M.
Jane Addams
D.
Scott Joplin
N.
compulsory education laws
E.
Chinese Exclusion Act
O.
City Beautiful movement
F.
Immigration Restriction League
P.
ragtime
G.
Denis Kearney
Q.
John Dewey
H.
skyscrapers
R.
Walter Camp
I.
mass transit
S.
James Naismith
J.
nouveau riche
 

 16. 

a second wave of immigrants to the United States that arrived between 1891 and 1910
 

 17. 

developed the mechanized elevator to transport people between floors in multistoried buildings
 

 18. 

state laws that required parents to send their children to school
 

 19. 

a French term meaning “newly rich”
 

 20. 

the poorest accommodations on a steamship
 

 21. 

a woman who was at the forefront of the settlement-house movement
 

 22. 

community service centers that were established in poor neighborhoods to provide educational opportunities, training, and cultural events for neighborhood residents
 

 23. 

an educational reformer who emphasized “learning by doing”
 

 24. 

the leader of the Workingmen’s Party of California who strongly objected to Chinese immigration to the United States
 

 25. 

a movement that stressed the need to include parks and attractive boulevards in the design of cities
 

 26. 

large, multistory buildings
 

 27. 

public transportation, such as electric commuter trains, subways, and trolley cars
 

 28. 

religious and nonreligious aid organizations created to aid immigrants in cases of sickness, unemployment, and death
 

 29. 

an organization that sought to limit immigration by imposing a literacy test on all immigrants
 

 30. 

the King of Ragtime
 



 
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