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The Great Depression

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

The proper term describing the U.S. economy after the depression is
A.
easy credit.
C.
margin buying.
B.
low interest.
D.
bear market.
 

 2. 

Food was given to the needy in
A.
shantytowns.
B.
breadlines.
C.
El Congreso.
D.
the Department of Food and Agriculture.
 

 3. 

The bill to establish a Federal Emergency Relief Board was
A.
passed by Congress.
B.
supported by Hoover.
C.
not passed.
D.
suggested by a columnist for the New York Times.
 

 4. 

The President’s Committee for Unemployment Relief
A.
found jobs for the unemployed.
B.
encouraged donations to private relief agencies.
C.
distributed surplus crops.
D.
handed out aid to states to administer.
 

 5. 

Congress and state governments funded several public-works projects
A.
at the request of the Communist Party.
B.
at the request of taxpayers.
C.
at the request of businesses.
D.
at Hoover’s request.
 

 6. 

Who gathered the jobless into Unemployed Leagues to demand work?
A.
A. J. Muste
C.
John Nance Garner
B.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
D.
Marvel Cooke
 

 7. 

Farmers banded together to save farms from
A.
low interest rates.
C.
foreclosure sales.
B.
falling crop prices.
D.
the Smoot-Hawley Tariff.
 

 8. 

Some economists felt the depression was caused by
A.
unequal distribution of wealth.
C.
high import taxes.
B.
crop failures.
D.
too few goods for sale.
 

 9. 

Many economists said the depression was
A.
a result of import restrictions.
C.
the fault of the unions.
B.
a product of scientific management.
D.
part of the business cycle.
 

 10. 

At the height of the depression the number of unemployed workers reached about
A.
1 million.
C.
50 million.
B.
15 million.
D.
100 million.
 

 11. 

How many people of Mexican descent were pressured into leaving the country?
A.
500,000
C.
825,000
B.
250,000
D.
100,000
 

 12. 

Which of the following was not an effect of the depression?
A.
divorce rate rose
C.
more marriages took place
B.
birthrate declined
D.
there were more suicides
 

 13. 

Among the most popular films of the era were
A.
gangster movies.
C.
silent films.
B.
newsreels.
D.
historic re-creations.
 

 14. 

Nathanael West presented the American dream as a nightmare in
A.
The Sound and the Fury.
C.
Studs Lonigan.
B.
Miss Lonelyhearts.
D.
As I Lay Dying.
 

 15. 

Who promised to put the political and economic system “at the service of the people”?
A.
Herbert Hoover
C.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
B.
Andrew Mellon
D.
A. J. Muste
 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement.
A.
Josefina Fierro de Bright
L.
shantytowns
B.
rugged individualism
M.
Lost Horizon
C.
Bonus Army
N.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
D.
Bronx Slave Market
O.
Smoot-Hawley Tariff
E.
Walt Disney
P.
El Congreso
F.
Herbert Hoover
Q.
James Hilton
G.
Great Depression
R.
business cycle
H.
stock speculation
S.
Black Tuesday
I.
William Faulkner
T.
margin buying
J.
Andrew Mellon
U.
bull market
K.
Black Thursday
V.
mutualistas
 

 16. 

thought government should let business get out of the depression on its own
 

 17. 

an upward trend in the stock market
 

 18. 

author of As I Lay Dying
 

 19. 

the practice of buying stocks with borrowed money
 

 20. 

playing the market
 

 21. 

October 29, 1929
 

 22. 

deep economic downturn lasting from 1929 to the 1940s
 

 23. 

the regular ups and downs of business
 

 24. 

faced blame for shantytowns
 

 25. 

mutual aid societies
 

 26. 

makeshift shelters
 

 27. 

fought for Mexican American rights
 

 28. 

a novel about a lost utopia in Tibet
 

 29. 

the idea that success comes from individual effort
 

 30. 

offered the American public a “new deal”
 

 31. 

World War I veterans who protested in Washington, D.C.
 

 32. 

the highest tariff in U.S. history
 

 33. 

poor African American women on corners hoping for a day’s work
 

 34. 

organized Hispanic migrants to resist oppression
 

 35. 

brightened the 1930s with cartoons
 



 
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