Name:     ID: 
 
    Email: 

Industrial Revolution

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Following the development of the Bessemer process, the cities of Gary, Indiana; Cleveland, Ohio; and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, became centers for
A.
oil refining.
C.
steel manufacturing.
B.
coal production.
D.
the car industry.
 

 2. 

The first successful oil well was drilled in
A.
Menlo Park, New Jersey.
C.
Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
B.
Gary, Indiana.
D.
Titusville, Pennsylvania.
 

 3. 

Prior to the Civil War, railroads in the United States averaged about
A.
10 miles in length.
C.
1,000 miles in length.
B.
100 miles in length.
D.
4,500 miles in length.
 

 4. 

The adoption of a standard gauge for railway tracks improved rail transportation by
A.
making it unnecessary for passengers and freight to be transferred from train to train each time they reached a different line.
B.
enabling trains to travel at faster speeds.
C.
enabling trains to carry larger loads.
D.
reducing the number of feeder lines necessary to reach towns located off the trunk lines.
 

 5. 

Development of a practical automobile was speeded along by innovations in
A.
compressed-air brakes.
C.
oil refining.
B.
steam power.
D.
electricity.
 

 6. 

Which of the following inventions did NOT come out of Edison’s laboratory at Menlo Park?
A.
electric lightbulb
C.
phonograph
B.
telegraph
D.
telegraphic stock ticker
 

 7. 

A group of companies that is controlled by a single group of business leaders is an example of
A.
a monopoly.
C.
vertical integration.
B.
a trust.
D.
communism.
 

 8. 

Unlike a small business, a corporation
A.
is owned by stockholders.
B.
passes liability for its debts to its stockholders.
C.
depends upon an owner or owners for its existence.
D.
is not publicly owned or traded on the stock market.
 

 9. 

Andrew Carnegie earned $1.20 a week on his first job, and when he retired he
A.
was broke.
C.
was the richest man in the world.
B.
lived a lavish lifestyle.
D.
gave away all his money.
 

 10. 

Because he was disturbed by the poor conditions of city life, George Pullman
A.
donated $350 million to help build libraries.
B.
encouraged his employees to form a union.
C.
provided his employees with benefits that made him extremely popular with them.
D.
built a planned community next to his factory.
 

 11. 

Department stores succeeded because they
A.
sold products through catalogs to people living in rural areas.
B.
bought goods in bulk and therefore could sell them at low prices.
C.
were monopolies.
D.
were chain stores.
 

 12. 

Between 1870 and 1890, the number of female workers
A.
remained about the same.
C.
doubled.
B.
decreased.
D.
tripled.
 

 13. 

Working conditions during the late 1800s were characterized by
A.
long hours and low wages.
C.
high unemployment.
B.
short hours and high wages.
D.
emphasis on worker safety.
 

 14. 

Under Terence V. Powderly, the Knights of Labor
A.
supported child labor.
B.
opposed the temperance movement.
C.
refused to support the rights of African Americans.
D.
refused to support the rights of Chinese workers.
 

 15. 

As a result of the violence of the Great Upheaval, many workers
A.
received higher wages.
B.
witnessed greatly improved working conditions.
C.
left the Knights of Labor and joined the American Federation of Labor.
D.
joined unions.
 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement.
A.
Bessemer process
J.
vertical integration
B.
patent
K.
Horatio Alger Jr.
C.
telegraph
L.
John D. Rockefeller
D.
Elijah McCoy
M.
George Pullman
E.
trunk lines
N.
Great Upheaval
F.
Alexander Graham Bell
O.
Haymarket Riot
G.
communism
P.
anarchists
H.
social Darwinism
Q.
Mary Harris Jones
I.
monopoly
R.
Eugene V. Debs
 

 16. 

one of the founders of Standard Oil Company
 

 17. 

inventor who developed a lubricating cup that fed oil to a machine while it was running
 

 18. 

a philosophy developed by Karl Marx that proposes that individuals should not own property
 

 19. 

a union organizer for the Knights of Labor who was called “the most dangerous woman in America”
 

 20. 

an idea proposed by Herbert Spencer that suggests that society progresses through natural competition in which the fittest people rise to positions of wealth and power while the unfit fail
 

 21. 

a method of making steel from iron using a blast of hot air
 

 22. 

term for the intense strikes and violent labor confrontations of 1886
 

 23. 

inventor of the telephone
 

 24. 

a violent labor confrontation in Chicago that began when a bomb was exploded among police officers, killing a number of them
 

 25. 

a means of communicating over wires by using electricity to send a series of dots and dashes
 

 26. 

people who oppose all forms of government
 

 27. 

head of the American Railway Union who supported the Pullman strikers
 

 28. 

a guarantee to protect an inventor’s rights to make, use, or sell an invention
 

 29. 

major railroads
 

 30. 

a writer who told rags-to-riches stories that promoted the worth of the individual
 



 
Submit          Reset Help