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JFK and LBJ

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

The federal program that provides free health care to the poor is
A.
Medicare.
C.
Social Security.
B.
Medicaid.
D.
the GI Bill of Rights.
 

 2. 

Who was the conservative Republican candidate for president in 1964?
A.
Richard Nixon
C.
Henry Cabot Lodge
B.
Lyndon B. Johnson
D.
Barry Goldwater
 

 3. 

A pivotal reason for which Kennedy defeated Nixon in the 1960 election was that
A.
People understood that Kennedy’s religion would not influence his political decision-making.
B.
Kennedy fared better than Nixon in televised debates.
C.
Voters liked Kennedy’s policies and ideas better than Nixon’s.
D.
Nixon lacked the experience to inspire confidence.
 

 4. 

To help curtail rising unemployment and inflation and stimulate economic growth, Kennedy
A.
supported stronger unions and asked retailers to lower prices.
B.
reduced government spending and increased taxes.
C.
shut down inefficient government offices and combined others.
D.
asked businesses to limit prices and workers to accept fewer pay raises.
 

 5. 

Kennedy’s presidency was dominated by
A.
concern with international crises and the threat of nuclear war.
B.
a close and productive working relationship with Congress.
C.
problems with the military and the banking sector.
D.
struggles to establish an effective cabinet.
 

 6. 

In the first year of Lyndon B. Johnson’s presidency, he showed that
A.
he was effective in getting Kennedy’s programs passed into law.
B.
he had no intention of following Kennedy’s agenda for social progress.
C.
Congress stubbornly refused to consider antipoverty programs.
D.
he disapproved of U.S. military involvement overseas.
 

 7. 

Rachel Carson’s book Silent Spring showed the ways in which Americans were poisoning their environment with
A.
nuclear waste.
C.
raw sewage.
B.
factory waste.
D.
pesticides.
 

 8. 

Under Chief Justice Earl Warren, the Supreme Court made many decisions
A.
favoring civil rights for minorities.
B.
strengthening individual rights.
C.
aiding law enforcement and justice officials.
D.
establishing ethical banking policies.
 

 9. 

Which of these antipoverty programs was a preschool education program for low-income families?
A.
VISTA
C.
Medicare
B.
Head Start
D.
Job Corps
 

 10. 

Medicare is a national health insurance program for
A.
families with young children.
C.
criminals serving time in prison.
B.
people over age 65.
D.
veterans.
 

 11. 

The Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965
A.
provided $1.3 billion in aid to schools in poor areas.
B.
stated all children had to graduate from high school.
C.
mandated that all towns with a population of 5,000 or more have both an elementary and secondary school.
D.
desegregated all of the nation’s schools.
 

 12. 

The National Endowment for the Arts and the National Endowment for the Humanities offered grants and fellowships to artists, writers, and
A.
politicians.
C.
miners.
B.
engineers.
D.
scholars.
 

 13. 

Which Supreme Court case granted the accused the right to have a lawyer present during police investigations?
A.
Baker v. Carr
C.
Escobedo v. Illinois
B.
Gideon v. Wainwright
D.
Miranda v. Arizona
 

 14. 

Which of the following does NOT describe John F. Kennedy?
A.
Democrat
B.
Roman Catholic
C.
Eisenhower’s vice president
D.
impressive record of service during World War II
 

 15. 

Which of the following does NOT describe Richard Nixon?
A.
Republican
B.
chose Henry Cabot Lodge as his running mate
C.
felt he had maturity and experience to serve as president
D.
selected Lyndon B. Johnson as his running mate
 

 16. 

Kennedy called for an increase in which of the following to stimulate economic growth?
A.
government spending
C.
U.S. exports
B.
blue-collar jobs
D.
tax cuts
 

 17. 

The United States and the Soviet Union came to the brink of nuclear war because of the
A.
Bay of Pigs.
C.
Cuban missile crisis.
B.
Limited Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
D.
establishment of the Berlin Wall.
 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement.
A.
Twenty-second Amendment
K.
Barry Goldwater
B.
Rachel Carson
L.
Lee Harvey Oswald
C.
Nikita Khrushchev
M.
Berlin Wall
D.
Eighteenth Amendment
N.
Lyndon B. Johnson
E.
flexible response
O.
Peace Corps
F.
Limited Test Ban Treaty
P.
Fidel Castro
G.
Alliance for Progress
Q.
John F. Kennedy
H.
Great Society
R.
developing countries
I.
Richard Nixon
S.
Jacqueline Kennedy
J.
Bay of Pigs
 

 18. 

President Johnson’s plan for improving the quality of life in America
 

 19. 

failed attempt by the United States to disrupt Cuba
 

 20. 

Cuba’s communist leader
 

 21. 

author of Silent Spring, which chronicled environmental problems
 

 22. 

suspected of assassinating President Kennedy
 

 23. 

having a variety of options with which to handle international crises
 

 24. 

was able to push through many of Kennedy’s programs
 

 25. 

selected Lyndon B. Johnson as his running mate in the 1960 campaign
 

 26. 

chose Henry Cabot Lodge as his running mate in the 1960 campaign
 

 27. 

limited a president’s time in office to two elected terms
 

 28. 

was established to send American volunteers to work for two years in developing countries
 

 29. 

offered billions of dollars in aid to Latin America
 

 30. 

Soviet leader who ordered the West to recognize the sovereignty of communist East Germany and remove all troops from West Berlin
 

 31. 

a barbed-wire barrier erected by the East Germans between East and West Berlin that eventually was rebuilt of concrete
 

 32. 

signed by the United States, the Soviet Union, and Great Britain in 1963 to end the testing of nuclear bombs in the atmosphere and underwater
 

 33. 

brought an appreciation of the fine arts to the Kennedy administration
 



 
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