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The New Deal

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

The theories of which of the following people influenced many New Deal recovery programs?
A.
John Maynard Keynes
C.
Charles E. Coughlin
B.
John Collier
D.
Robert C. Weaver
 

 2. 

The Department of the Interior was advised on racial matters by
A.
Huey Long.
C.
Francis E. Townsend.
B.
Robert C. Weaver.
D.
Charles E. Coughlin.
 

 3. 

Which region of the United States was called the Dust Bowl?
A.
West Coast
C.
Great Plains
B.
Rocky Mountains
D.
East Coast
 

 4. 

Who produced the famous photograph Migrant Mother?
A.
Gordon Parks
C.
Margaret Bourke-White
B.
Roy E. Stryker
D.
Dorothea Lange
 

 5. 

What famous novel about the Old South was written by Margaret Mitchell?
A.
The Grapes of Wrath
C.
Native Son
B.
Gone With the Wind
D.
Their Eyes Were Watching God
 

 6. 

Mr. Smith Goes to Washington was directed by
A.
Frank Capra.
C.
Thornton Wilder.
B.
Robert Sherwood.
D.
William Saroyan.
 

 7. 

What artist painted haunting images of the southwestern landscape?
A.
Georgia O’Keeffe
C.
Anna “Grandma” Moses
B.
Jacob Lawrence
D.
Grant Wood
 

 8. 

The American Indian Defense Association was founded by
A.
John Collier.
C.
Frances Perkins.
B.
Robert C. Weaver.
D.
Harry L. Hopkins.
 

 9. 

The Share-Our-Wealth program was proposed by
A.
Dr. Francis E. Townsend.
C.
Al Smith.
B.
Huey Long.
D.
Charles E. Coughlin.
 

 10. 

The director of the Division of Negro Affairs in the National Youth Administration was
A.
Mary McLeod Bethune.
C.
Frances Perkins.
B.
Harry L. Hopkins.
D.
Langston Hughes.
 

 11. 

When Roosevelt first proposed his New Deal,
A.
Congress rejected it outright.
B.
Congress passed all 15 of the measures.
C.
only half of the measures were passed.
D.
the measures were debated for a full year before they were passed.
 

 12. 

Roosevelt’s “fireside chats” were
A.
television broadcasts.
C.
private meetings.
B.
radio broadcasts.
D.
public rallies.
 

 13. 

The famous line “The only thing we have to fear is fear itself” was spoken by
A.
Franklin D. Roosevelt.
C.
Eleanor Roosevelt.
B.
Warren G. Harding.
D.
Will Rogers.
 

 14. 

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
A.
failed in its first year.
B.
insured each bank deposit.
C.
supplied loans to banks.
D.
provided loans to farmers.
 

 15. 

The Civilian Conservation Corps did all of the following EXCEPT
A.
plant trees.
C.
clear brush.
B.
develop campsites.
D.
build roads.
 

 16. 

The Tennessee Valley Authority did all of the following EXCEPT
A.
make loans to small businesses.
C.
build dams.
B.
fight illiteracy.
D.
fight soil erosion.
 

 17. 

All of the following were critics of the New Deal EXCEPT
A.
Huey Long.
C.
Dr. Francis E. Townsend.
B.
Harry L. Hopkins.
D.
Al Smith.
 

 18. 

Roosevelt wanted to reform the Supreme Court because he believed the nine justices were
A.
too progressive.
C.
against older citizens.
B.
not liberal enough.
D.
too old and stuck in their ways.
 

 19. 

The Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC)
A.
loaned money to small businesses.
B.
helped home owners refinance mortgages.
C.
made short-term loans to banks.
D.
provided loans to uninsured home owners.
 

 20. 

The Revenue Act of 1935
A.
raised taxes on the wealthy.
C.
raised taxes for all Americans.
B.
lowered taxes on the wealthy.
D.
lowered taxes for all Americans.
 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement.
A.
Tennessee Valley Authority
G.
American Indian Defense Association
B.
National Industrial Recovery Act
H.
savings day
C.
National Youth Administration
I.
Works Progress Administration
D.
Civilian Conservation Corps
J.
Wagner-Connery Act
E.
Social Security Act
K.
Congress of Industrial Organizations
F.
Share-Our-Wealth
L.
bank holiday
 

 21. 

gave jobs to 8.5 million blue and white-collar workers
 

 22. 

allowed the organization of unions
 

 23. 

labor leaders organized this to unite workers in various industries
 

 24. 

gave part-time jobs to high-school and college-aged people
 

 25. 

program that oversaw the planting of trees and the creation of park trails
 

 26. 

designed to stop massive withdrawals
 

 27. 

passed by Congress to stimulate industrial and business activity
 

 28. 

fought to protect religious freedom and tribal property
 

 29. 

Huey Long’s economic relief program
 

 30. 

provided pensions to workers aged 65 and older
 



 
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