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Progressive Era

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Progressives sought to
A.
free businesses from unnecessary government restraint.
B.
make government more responsive to people.
C.
allow government leaders more independence from businesses and voters alike.
D.
pass laws increasing competition among businesses.
 

 2. 

In 1910, 70 percent of American industrial workers worked an average of
A.
36 hours per week.
C.
65 hours per week.
B.
54 hours per week.
D.
72 hours per week.
 

 3. 

Walter Rauschenbusch
A.
argued that most social problems could be solved through science and technology.
B.
was generally disregarded by progressives such as Jane Addams.
C.
was a leader of the Social Gospel movement but opposed many of the views expressed by progressives.
D.
wrote the Social Gospel novel In His Steps.
 

 4. 

Muckraking journalism first appeared with the publication of
A.
“Tweed Days in St. Louis.”
B.
“History of the Standard Oil Company.”
C.
The Shame of the Cities.
D.
The Financier.
 

 5. 

Theodore Dreiser described workers brutalized by greedy business owners in
A.
The Promise of American Life.
C.
Sister Carrie.
B.
The House of Mirth.
D.
Following the Color Line.
 

 6. 

In the early 1910s almost half of all women who worked in factories and laundries and as store clerks earned
A.
less than $6 a week.
C.
about $25 a week.
B.
about $10 a week.
D.
at least $30 a week.
 

 7. 

In The Bitter Cry of the Children, author John Spargo reported that
A.
most child laborers worked in the garment industry and canneries.
B.
few child laborers had ever attended school.
C.
children usually worked less than eight hours per day.
D.
employers taught many poor children basic reading skills.
 

 8. 

The first minimum wage law was passed by Congress in
A.
1893.
C.
1912.
B.
1910.
D.
1938.
 

 9. 

Most members of labor unions
A.
favored an open shop.
B.
wanted to replace capitalism with an economic system controlled by workers.
C.
wanted to preserve the capitalist system but make changes to it.
D.
believed that much of the social legislation would eventually cost many workers their jobs.
 

 10. 

The American Federation of Labor
A.
refused to accept unskilled laborers as members.
B.
worked hard at recruiting African American workers.
C.
urged all American workers to join.
D.
lost membership during the first decade of the 1900s.
 

 11. 

Many reformers believed motion pictures
A.
were a threat to morality and should be censored.
B.
represented an opportunity to improve public morality.
C.
were priced out of the reach of the majority of urban workers.
D.
would cause a decline in reading among urban children.
 

 12. 

Some progressives
A.
organized the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
B.
believed American Indians should organize to help themselves.
C.
considered discrimination against African Americans the biggest problem facing cities.
D.
expressed open prejudice against African Americans and American Indians.
 

 13. 

W. E. B. Du Bois
A.
was the founder of the National Urban League.
B.
edited The Crisis.
C.
was dissatisfied with racial progress, left the country as a young man, and never returned.
D.
grew up in a highly racist environment in Barrington, Massachusetts.
 

 14. 

In Guinn v. United States, the Supreme Court ruled that
A.
many achievements of the social reform movement were unconstitutional.
B.
racially segregated housing was unconstitutional.
C.
the “grandfather clause” that exempted whites from laws that were passed to keep African Americans from voting was unconstitutional.
D.
American women had a constitutional right to vote.
 

 15. 

Native Americans and some immigrants
A.
rejected the help of reformers because the reformers did not respect their culture.
B.
welcomed reform groups that wanted to assist them with social problems.
C.
embraced Americanization as a way to avoid discrimination.
D.
quickly advanced into the American middle class and did not need the help of the progressives.
 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement.
A.
progressivism
B.
McClure’s
C.
muckrakers
D.
Lincoln Steffens
E.
Ray Stannard Baker
F.
Herbert Croly
G.
freedom of contract
H.
Muller v. Oregon
I.
closed shop
J.
open shop
K.
Samuel Gompers
L.
Florence Kelley
M.
prohibition
N.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
O.
Daniel Burnham
P.
Billy Sunday
Q.
Frances Willard
R.
W. E. B. Du Bois
 

 16. 

a term used by the Supreme Court to describe workers’ right to determine the terms of their employment
 

 17. 

a journalist who wrote one of the first articles that popularized the muckraking style of journalism
 

 18. 

influential African American leader
 

 19. 

organization dedicated to ending racial discrimination
 

 20. 

a magazine that published articles by muckrakers
 

 21. 

leader of the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union who built it into a strong national force
 

 22. 

a writer who published Following the Color Line, a book about a lynching
 

 23. 

a ban on the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcoholic beverages
 

 24. 

a reform movement that focused on urban problems
 

 25. 

an ex-ballplayer who became a Presbyterian minister and supported prohibition
 

 26. 

a workplace where all employees are required to belong to a union
 

 27. 

a workplace where employees may choose whether or not to belong to a union
 

 28. 

leader of the American Federation of Labor
 

 29. 

a leading architect and city planner of the early 1900s
 

 30. 

a 1908 Supreme Court ruling that upheld a law limiting the numbers of hours women could work in a day
 



 
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