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Progressive Politics

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

The term “Millionaire’s Club” was used in the 1890s to describe
A.
Wall Street bankers.
B.
owners of meatpacking plants.
C.
members of Congress.
D.
members of Samuel Jones’s city government in Toledo, Ohio.
 

 2. 

The Underwood Tariff Act of 1913
A.
reduced tariffs and introduced a graduated income tax.
B.
charged American manufacturers who wanted to sell their goods overseas.
C.
required banks to keep a certain level of assets on hand to meet customer demand.
D.
made it more difficult for private industry to take natural resources from public lands.
 

 3. 

Until passage of the Seventeenth Amendment, members of Congress were elected by
A.
state legislatures.
C.
initiative petition.
B.
the electoral college.
D.
secret ballot.
 

 4. 

Recall provisions allow voters to
A.
remember what measures were on the ballot.
B.
remove an elected official from office.
C.
vote on a measure again if the vote was close.
D.
bring an elected official back after the term of office has expired.
 

 5. 

The Clayton Antitrust Act
A.
forbade foreign manufactures from importing goods that cost less than American goods.
B.
broke up the large railroads into several smaller companies.
C.
protected children against long hours and dangerous conditions.
D.
established regulations about what business could and could not do.
 

 6. 

The Wisconsin Idea refers to reforms that, among other things,
A.
called for direct elections.
C.
helped mine workers.
B.
abolished convict labor.
D.
established settlement houses.
 

 7. 

Under William Taft, Congress passed legislation that
A.
closed off Alaska to further development.
B.
was called New Freedom because it increased individual rights.
C.
established an eight-hour workday for workers on federal government contracts.
D.
eliminated business monopolies.
 

 8. 

The commission named to respond to the hurricane that struck Galveston, Texas, in 1900 was made up of
A.
progressive politicians.
C.
members of Congress.
B.
members of the political machine.
D.
experts in their fields.
 

 9. 

Roosevelt’s New Nationalism program primarily hoped to
A.
raise the level of patriotism in the country.
B.
control the appointment of members of the House Rules’ Committee.
C.
pass laws to protect workers, ensure public health and regulate business.
D.
defeat industry and timber lobbyists’ efforts to bribe members of Congress.
 

 10. 

Woodrow Wilson was elected in 1912 on a platform that called for
A.
a square deal for the American worker.
B.
higher tariffs and lower taxes.
C.
public ownership of all major industries.
D.
tariff reduction, banking reform, and antitrust legislation.
 

 11. 

Interests opposed to national women’s suffrage in the United States until 1920 included
A.
liquor manufacturers who feared women would vote for prohibition.
B.
businesses that worried that women workers would demand better pay.
C.
both of the above.
D.
none of the above.
 

 12. 

The National Woman’s Party
A.
focused its efforts on a constitutional amendment to win the vote for women.
B.
opposed Wilson’s election.
C.
encouraged the establishment of the Department of Labor.
D.
passed legislation establishing Mother’s Day as a national holiday.
 

 13. 

Early in her career, Carrie Chapman Catt
A.
began working in the public schools.
B.
won the right to speak publicly at her school’s literary society debates.
C.
protested against quack patent medicines that contained harmful ingredients.
D.
wrote “Treason in the Senate” documenting how special interests influenced U.S. politics.
 

 14. 

Washington Gladden asked for Roosevelt’s help to
A.
force mine owners to negotiate with the miners.
B.
bring the U.S. Army in to force strikers to return to work.
C.
place the mines under federal control.
D.
create transportation systems that would help miners get their ore to the smelters.
 

 15. 

The Department of Labor was first established to
A.
enforce labor laws.
B.
encourage industry to create more jobs.
C.
stand up to reformists who wanted to tax wages.
D.
give unions a voice in government.
 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement.
A.
Mary Harris Jones
N.
Department of Labor
B.
Seventeenth Amendment
O.
Federal Trade Commission
C.
Woodrow Wilson
P.
Armory Show
D.
Carrie Chapman Catt
Q.
Alice Paul
E.
William McKinley
R.
referendum
F.
Joseph Cannon
S.
arbitration
G.
Mann-Elkins Act
T.
Richard Ballinger
H.
Theodore Roosevelt
U.
Sixteenth Amendment
I.
Crystal Eastman
V.
Bull Moose Party
J.
Alice Lakey
W.
Congress
K.
Robert M. La Follette
X.
Gifford Pinchot
L.
Lincoln Steffens
Y.
Federal Reserve Act
M.
William Howard Taft
 

 16. 

secretary of the interior who authorized the sale of large amounts of land in Alaska valuable for its coal deposits and timber
 

 17. 

gives voters the power to elect senators directly
 

 18. 

governor who passed reform measures that became models for other states to follow
 

 19. 

a process of resolving conflict in which both sides agree to accept the decision of a third party
 

 20. 

gave lectures to educate the public about impurities in foods and drugs
 

 21. 

authorized the use of money from the sale of public lands for reclamation
 

 22. 

wrote The Shame of the Cities about boss-controlled city government
 

 23. 

first used the word conservation to describe the process of protecting the environment
 

 24. 

before he was president, he was secretary of war
 

 25. 

won the presidential election of 1900
 

 26. 

was the constitutional amendment that first authorized a federal tax on personal income
 

 27. 

the reform measure that established a central fund from which banks could borrow
 

 28. 

political party founded by Theodore Roosevelt for the 1912 election
 

 29. 

he proposed the New Freedom program in the 1912 election
 

 30. 

was organized to introduce the American public to modern art
 

 31. 

regulates corporate commerce
 

 32. 

labor organizer and opponent of child labor
 

 33. 

allows citizens to put items on the ballot by gathering the required number of signatures on a petition
 

 34. 

adopted strategies of British suffragists to demonstrate the importance of women's right to vote
 

 35. 

said “In the past, we have admitted the right of the individual to injure the future of the Republic for his own present profit. The time has come for a change.”
 



 
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