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Reconstruction

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Reconstruction referred to
A.
tearing down crumbling buildings and starting over again.
B.
rebuilding the South and reuniting the nation.
C.
fixing up problems in the North.
D.
changing laws in the South.
 

 2. 

The Thirteenth Amendment
A.
gave freed slaves the right to vote.
B.
banned secession.
C.
abolished slavery.
D.
allowed southerners back into the Union.
 

 3. 

The Black Codes were written to
A.
limit the freedom of former slaves.
B.
protect former slaves.
C.
increase the rights of former slaves.
D.
free northern slaves.
 

 4. 

Former Confederates called southern whites who had supported the Union cause and now were in favor of Reconstruction
A.
scalawags.
C.
abolitionists.
B.
carpetbaggers.
D.
secessionists.
 

 5. 

A former slave who became an abolitionist and adviser to President Andrew Johnson on race relations was
A.
Booker T. Washington.
C.
Frederick Douglass.
B.
Thaddeus Stevens.
D.
James Madison Wells.
 

 6. 

Which of the following statements about the South following the Civil War is NOT true?
A.
Most of the people died from illnesses.
B.
Thousand of people were jobless.
C.
The economy was in shambles.
D.
Countless buildings lay in ruins.
 

 7. 

In the 1876 presidential election, Republican Rutherford B. Hayes ran against Democratic candidate
A.
Robert E. Lee.
C.
Samuel J. Tilden.
B.
Thaddeus Stevens.
D.
Charles Sumner.
 

 8. 

President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by
A.
Andrew Johnson.
C.
Thaddeus Stevens.
B.
John Wilkes Booth.
D.
Ulysses S. Grant.
 

 9. 

Which of the following statements concerning land reform during Reconstruction is NOT true?
A.
Some freedpeople believed they would receive forty acres and a mule.
B.
Some people took advantage of African Americans’ desire for land after the war.
C.
Freedpeople did not receive land from the federal government.
D.
Freedpeople received land from the federal government after the war.
 

 10. 

The first Civil Rights Act in the history of the United States was the
A.
Civil Rights Act of 1866.
C.
Civil Rights Act of 1875.
B.
Fourteenth Amendment.
D.
Fifteenth Amendment.
 

 11. 

African Americans first won the right to vote in
A.
Mississippi.
C.
the territories of the United States.
B.
the District of Columbia.
D.
Illinois.
 

 12. 

Which of the following was NOT one of the terms included in the Reconstruction Acts of 1867?
A.
The former Confederacy was divided into five military districts.
B.
States were to submit new constitutions guaranteeing all people the vote.
C.
States were required to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment.
D.
African Americans were to be able to vote for and serve as delegates to state constitutional conventions.
 

 13. 

Which of the following statements about African American involvement in state constitutional conventions is NOT true?
A.
African American delegates outnumbered white delegates in Louisiana and South Carolina.
B.
African American delegates composed from 10 to 40 percent of the delegates in other states.
C.
African Americans had no interest in becoming delegates for state constitutional conventions.
D.
Most of the African American delegates were southerners; however, northerners also participated.
 

 14. 

Which of the following statements is NOT true concerning Andrew Johnson?
A.
He was a Democrat.
B.
He was once a slaveholder.
C.
He was a master at political compromise.
D.
He held pro-Union sympathies.
 

 15. 

The Civil Rights Act of 1875
A.
prohibited businesses that served the public from discriminating against African Americans.
B.
declared that everyone born in the United States was a citizen with full rights.
C.
required states to extend equal citizenship to African Americans and all people born or naturalized in the United States.
D.
extended the right to vote to African American men.
 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement.
A.
Union League
G.
Compromise of 1877
B.
carpetbaggers
H.
Andrew Johnson
C.
segregation
I.
Juneteenth
D.
Fourteenth Amendment
J.
Rutherford B. Hayes
E.
Abraham Lincoln
K.
Nathan Bedford Forrest
F.
Ulysses S. Grant
L.
Thaddeus Stevens
 

 16. 

presidential candidate who defeated Samuel J. Tilden in the election of 1876
 

 17. 

political group that built schools and churches for African Americans and helped care for the sick
 

 18. 

legislation passed by Congress so that the Civil Rights Act of 1866 could not be repealed
 

 19. 

an African American celebration of Emancipation Day
 

 20. 

white and African American Republicans from the northern United States who traveled south to attend state constitutional conventions
 

 21. 

led to the removal of federal troops in the South
 

 22. 

president who issued the Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction
 

 23. 

president of the United States after Andrew Johnson
 

 24. 

the Grand Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan
 

 25. 

the separation of the races
 



 
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