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Republican Revolution

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Which of the following women was NOT appointed to a high public office by President Reagan?
A.
Elizabeth Dole
C.
Jeane Kirkpatrick
B.
Margaret Heckler
D.
Geraldine Ferraro
 

 2. 

What happened when a large number of private savings and loans and banks failed due to risky business practices?
A.
The government provided no help to depositors who lost money.
B.
The economy mysteriously improved.
C.
The government paid billions of dollars to depositors.
D.
The government loosened regulations on the savings and loan and banking industries.
 

 3. 

Who was a Panamanian dictator and drug smuggler?
A.
Manuel Noriega
C.
Anastasio Somoza
B.
José Napoleón Duarte
D.
Fidel Castro
 

 4. 

What were the provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act?
A.
It prohibited discrimination against people with disabilities.
B.
It recommended that people with disabilities be given preferential treatment for specific jobs.
C.
It required all companies to provide access to people with disabilities.
D.
It required that anyone with a disability be guaranteed a government job.
 

 5. 

What was glasnost?
A.
a period of political repression
B.
a policy of openness that promised more freedoms for the Soviet people
C.
a series of programs that revitalized the Soviet economy
D.
a series of reciprocal trade agreements between the Soviet Union and the United States
 

 6. 

What did the Soviet Union do when pro-democracy demonstrations broke out in East Germany in 1989?
A.
It sent in troops to break up the demonstrations.
B.
It called a summit between East German and Soviet leaders.
C.
It did nothing.
D.
It provided the demonstrators with military protection.
 

 7. 

Who became the leader of the Soviet Union in 1985?
A.
Boris Yeltsin
C.
Lech Walesa
B.
Mikhail Gorbachev
D.
Erich Honecker
 

 8. 

Which activity consumed most of the Pentagon’s budget between 1981 and 1985?
A.
the building of nuclear weapons
B.
civil defense preparation
C.
the construction of defensive missile systems
D.
paying salaries
 

 9. 

The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty
A.
eliminated all medium-range nuclear missiles from Europe.
B.
eliminated all medium-range nuclear missiles from the United States and Soviet Union.
C.
eliminated all long-range nuclear missiles but allowed for medium-range missiles in the Soviet Union and United States.
D.
eliminated all medium-range nuclear missiles from Asia and Africa.
 

 10. 

Who was the independent presidential candidate who won 7 percent of the popular vote in 1980?
A.
Pat Paulsen
C.
George Bush
B.
John Anderson
D.
Walter Mondale
 

 11. 

What made the Persian Gulf War different from all preceding wars?
A.
Women served as combat pilots.
B.
The war was won on the ground.
C.
Television reporters were banned.
D.
High-tech weapons played an important role.
 

 12. 

Which of the following Supreme Court justices was accused of sexual harassment during his confirmation hearings?
A.
Anthony Kennedy
C.
David Souter
B.
Thurgood Marshall
D.
Clarence Thomas
 

 13. 

Which of the following countries was NOT an ally of the United States during the Persian Gulf War?
A.
Egypt
C.
Saudi Arabia
B.
France
D.
Jordan
 

 14. 

What did members of the New Right support?
A.
school prayer and a strong national defense
B.
abortion rights and gun control
C.
gun control and school prayer
D.
the ERA and a strong national defense
 

 15. 

What was the result of the pro-democracy protests in China in 1989?
A.
New reforms loosening the policies of the Communist Party were enacted.
B.
Hundreds and perhaps thousands of protesters were killed by the government.
C.
A democratically elected government was installed.
D.
Thousands of protesters were deported to the United States.
 

 16. 

What was perestroika?
A.
a plan to develop a democratic Soviet constitution
B.
a plan to restructure the Soviet government and economy
C.
a new Soviet political party
D.
a shipyard outside of Gdánsk, Poland
 

 17. 

What was William Gibson’s warning?
A.
that the Soviet Union should not be trusted
B.
that a series of natural disasters would start beginning in 1990
C.
that technology might someday take over the world
D.
that environmental poisoning would take place if precautions were not made
 

 18. 

When did the Berlin Wall open?
A.
1992
C.
1979
B.
1989
D.
1975
 

 19. 

After the Persian Gulf War, the Senate
A.
removed the ban against women serving as combat pilots.
B.
removed the limitations against women fighting in ground battles.
C.
provided all women soldiers who fought in the war with medals of honor.
D.
passed a bill that removed all restrictions that limited women’s military roles.
 

 20. 

What did the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act require?
A.
an increase of the federal budget deficit
B.
a balanced federal budget by 1986
C.
automatic spending cuts when the deficit reached a certain amount
D.
reduced defense spending
 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement.
A.
Ayatollah Khomeini
G.
Solidarity
B.
Geraldine Ferraro
H.
Sandra Day O’Connor
C.
Contras
I.
Norman Schwarzkopf
D.
Christa McAuliffe
J.
Sandinistas
E.
New Right
K.
Alexander Haig
F.
Oliver North
L.
Colin Powell
 

 21. 

independent trade union in Poland
 

 22. 

militant Islamic leader who forced Iran’s leader to flee the country
 

 23. 

movement of political conservatives
 

 24. 

rebels who overthrew the dictatorship of Anastasio Somoza
 

 25. 

Walter Mondale’s running mate during the 1984 presidential election
 

 26. 

conservative justice appointed to the Supreme Court by President Reagan
 

 27. 

Nicaraguan rebel army financed by the CIA
 

 28. 

social studies teacher who was aboard the Challenger when it exploded
 

 29. 

commander of U.S. forces during Operation Desert Storm
 

 30. 

chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff during the Persian Gulf War
 



 
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