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Road To War

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Great Britain and France declared war when Germany attacked
A.
Czechoslovakia.
C.
Finland.
B.
Poland.
D.
Albania.
 

 2. 

The Republican candidate who lost to Roosevelt in the 1940 election was
A.
Herbert Hoover.
C.
Wendell Willkie.
B.
Charles Evans Hughes.
D.
Barton K. Wheeler.
 

 3. 

The Atlantic Charter stated that the United States and Britain would not
A.
attack Hitler.
C.
pursue territorial expansion.
B.
remain neutral.
D.
appease Hitler.
 

 4. 

Which of the following dates will “live in infamy”?
A.
December 7, 1941
C.
April 7, 1940
B.
September 1, 1939
D.
August 23, 1939
 

 5. 

The policy the United States followed in the 1920s and 1930s was called
A.
isolationism.
C.
militarism.
B.
imperialism.
D.
protectionism.
 

 6. 

Which nation was NOT controlled by caudillos in the 1930s?
A.
Guatemala
C.
Honduras
B.
Cuba
D.
Mexico
 

 7. 

Which nation had a secret organization called the Resistance?
A.
Norway
C.
Germany
B.
France
D.
Finland
 

 8. 

Which nation violated the Kellogg-Briand Pact in 1931?
A.
China
C.
Germany
B.
Japan
D.
Italy
 

 9. 

The line of defenses along the French border with Germany was called the
A.
Maginot Line.
C.
Allied Line.
B.
French Line.
D.
German Line.
 

 10. 

The U.S. naval fleet at Pearl Harbor was bombed by
A.
China.
C.
Japan.
B.
Germany.
D.
Italy.
 

 11. 

The Soviet Union’s powerful army was called the
A.
Red Army.
C.
Red Men.
B.
Russian Front.
D.
Redshirts.
 

 12. 

Historians estimate that the number of people who died as a result of Stalin’s policies was
A.
500,000.
C.
10 million.
B.
5 million.
D.
30 million.
 

 13. 

In 1935 Italy invaded the African nation of
A.
Somalia.
C.
Egypt.
B.
Kenya.
D.
Ethiopia.
 

 14. 

Emiliano Chamorro’s successor was
A.
Simon Bolívar.
C.
Adolfo Díaz.
B.
Augusto César Sandino.
D.
Venustiano Carranza.
 

 15. 

Who did Hitler blame for Germany’s loss in World War I?
A.
soldiers
C.
United States
B.
politicians
D.
Italy
 

Completion
Complete each sentence or statement.
 

 16. 

Nicaragua was overthrown by _________________________ in 1935.
 

 

 17. 

In a(n) ____________________ government, the military controls all aspects of society.
 

 

 18. 

Nazi storm troopers were also called ____________________.
 

 

 19. 

_________________________ was not in favor of appeasing Adolf Hitler.
 

 

 20. 

Naval disarmament was an idea favored by ______________________________.
 

 

 21. 

The National Socialist Party was also known as the ____________________.
 

 

 22. 

____________________ wrote Mein Kampf while in prison.
 

 

 23. 

_________________________ took over the presidency of Nicaragua after Augusto César Sandino was assassinated.
 

 

 24. 

_________________________ took over after Lenin’s death.
 

 

 25. 

Italy’s fascist soldiers were called ____________________.
 

 

 26. 

To ____________________ means to assert government control over an industry.
 

 

 27. 

Large companies that virtually ran small Central American and Caribbean nations were called _________________________.
 

 

 28. 

_________________________ was the fascist leader of Spain.
 

 

 29. 

The _________________________ was an agreement between the United States and Great Britain that neither country would pursue territorial expansion.
 

 

 30. 

Germany violated its nonaggression pact when it invaded _________________________.
 

 

 31. 

When Hitler instituted the _________________________, German Jews lost their German citizenship.
 

 

 32. 

Many Jewish writers, artists, and scientists fled from Germany to the ____________________.
 

 

 33. 

The U.S. policy of “mutual respect” toward Latin America was called the ______________________________.
 

 

 34. 

In 1923 ____________________ was sent to jail for a plot to overthrow the German government.
 

 

 35. 

The ______________________________ outlawed war as an instrument of national policy.
 

 

 36. 

In the Four-Power Treaty, France, Great Britain, Japan, and the United States vowed to respect one another’s territory in the ____________________.
 

 

 37. 

The withdrawal from world affairs is called ____________________.
 

 

 38. 

_________________________ was an Italian fascist leader.
 

 

 39. 

Hitler’s government was called the ____________________.
 

 

 40. 

Joseph Stalin turned the _________________________ into a totalitarian state.
 

 



 
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