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The Turbulent Decade

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Who said that “the business of America is business”?
A.
Calvin Coolidge
C.
Eugene Debs
B.
William Joseph Simmons
D.
Judge Webster Thayer
 

 2. 

Herbert Hoover
A.
was a Democrat.
B.
had a reputation for administrative skill and efficiency.
C.
campaigned for “the party of progress and liberal thought.”
D.
would become the head of the FBI.
 

 3. 

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People first organized to
A.
generate support for antilynching legislation.
B.
lobby for more government jobs.
C.
enforce stricter housing codes.
D.
prepare African American candidates for state and regional offices.
 

 4. 

In 1921 Congress passed a law that limited
A.
immigrants to ones with families in the United States.
B.
the immigrant population to 25 percent of the total U.S. population.
C.
eastern European immigrants to prewar levels.
D.
immigration by continent of origin.
 

 5. 

In the 1920s American Indians successfully organized to
A.
uphold “yellow dog contracts.”
B.
grant private leases to oil reserves in Elk Hills, California.
C.
encourage the government to boost reparation payments to the tribes.
D.
fight new efforts to take tribal lands.
 

 6. 

The return of 4.5 million soldiers had what effect?
A.
social and economic stability
B.
a shortage of jobs and falling wages
C.
more industrial production, higher farm prices, and agricultural reforms
D.
lower consumer spending and lower national debt
 

 7. 

The Harding administration
A.
discouraged aggressive business practices.
B.
supported tax breaks for all Americans.
C.
investigated mergers.
D.
believed in pro-business policies.
 

 8. 

The Teapot Dome scandal
A.
led to the decline of the NAACP.
B.
broke agreements of the American Plan.
C.
fueled suspicions of immigrants.
D.
involved friends of Warren Harding.
 

 9. 

African Americans who moved north
A.
were safe from violence and discrimination.
B.
were subject to additional taxation.
C.
avoided working in so-called sick industries.
D.
were looking for economic opportunity.
 

 10. 

The Ku Klux Klan
A.
was rounded up in the Palmer raids.
B.
was founded by Marcus Garvey.
C.
declined during Reconstruction.
D.
used violence against those they opposed.
 

 11. 

Eugene Debs, candidate for the Socialist Party, ran on a platform of
A.
pro-business and antilabor.
C.
revolutionary Marxism.
B.
collective ownership of industry.
D.
capitalism.
 

 12. 

The Equal Rights Amendment
A.
called for women’s suffrage.
B.
limited the number of hours a day women could work.
C.
was opposed by many reformers.
D.
was passed by Congress, but President Harding refused to sign it into law.
 

 13. 

The goal of the Universal Negro Improvement Association was to
A.
provide organized activities for black youth.
B.
work for equality in the United States.
C.
encourage black-owned businesses and to promote a black homeland in Africa.
D.
elect black leaders in city and regional elections.
 

 14. 

In the 1920s Mexicans entering the United States
A.
had trouble crossing the border.
B.
had to petition the United States to get entrance visas.
C.
found plenty of low-wage jobs available to them in the Southwest.
D.
were unable to join labor unions.
 

 15. 

The Pan-African movement sought to
A.
create unions for African Americans.
B.
unite people of African descent worldwide.
C.
gain support for African American candidates through speeches and parades.
D.
bring black leaders such as W. E. B. Du Bois and Marcus Garvey together.
 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement.
A.
demobilization
M.
Palmer raids
B.
Albert Fall
N.
Seattle general strike
C.
steel strike of 1919
O.
Pan-Africanism
D.
Ku Klux Klan
P.
Boston police strike
E.
Marcus Garvey
Q.
Judge Webster Thayer
F.
Alfred E. Smith
R.
Calvin Coolidge
G.
Fordney-McCumber Tariff Act
S.
John L. Lewis
H.
Teapot Dome scandal
T.
NAACP
I.
American Plan
U.
Nicola Sacco
J.
Communist International
V.
Red Scare
K.
Equal Rights Amendment
W.
A. Philip Randolph
L.
Warren G. Harding
X.
Alice Paul
 

 16. 

a period of anticommunist hysteria
 

 17. 

peaked when thousands of suspected radicals were arrested
 

 18. 

executed along with Bartolomeo Vanzetti
 

 19. 

known as Silent Cal
 

 20. 

Commissioner Edwin Curtis’s refusal to recognize the union caused this
 

 21. 

a policy supported by business leaders to encourage union-free shops
 

 22. 

the transition from wartime to peacetime production levels
 

 23. 

an organization designed to encourage worldwide communist revolution
 

 24. 

strikers were jailed, beaten, or shot
 

 25. 

pushed tariffs to an all-time high
 

 26. 

organized the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
 

 27. 

said “The defendant’s ideals are cognate (associated) with crime”
 

 28. 

recommended cutting taxes for the wealthy
 

 29. 

elected president with 60 percent of the popular vote
 

 30. 

proposed to Congress in 1923 by Alice Paul
 

 31. 

secretary of the interior granted private leases to oil reserves in California and Wyoming
 

 32. 

began when 35,000 shipyard workers walked off the job
 

 33. 

supported violence against African Americans and other minorities
 

 34. 

sought laws against lynching and other acts of violence
 

 35. 

organized the United Mine Workers strike
 



 
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