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World War One

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Albanians, Greeks, Romanians, and Slavs were the main ethnic groups
A.
in the Austria-Hungary Empire.
C.
in the Balkans.
B.
in between Germany and France.
D.
at Verdun.
 

 2. 

The Schlieffen Plan called for
A.
the invasion of France through Belgium.
B.
airplane dogfights over disputed territory.
C.
a policy of neutrality.
D.
the sinking of the Arabic and the Sussex.
 

 3. 

The First Battle of the Marne took place in
A.
Germany.
C.
Belgium.
B.
Italy.
D.
France.
 

 4. 

The front line consisted of
A.
hundreds of milesof barbed wire and land mines.
B.
the alliance of Britain, France, and Russia.
C.
the recruitment of 4.8 million U.S. soldiers.
D.
the suppression at home of dissent against the war.
 

 5. 

The target of the massive German offensive in early 1916 was
A.
Verdun.
C.
Paris.
B.
Somme.
D.
Latvia.
 

 6. 

Trench warfare consisted of
A.
having troops rush across no-man’s-land into enemy fire.
B.
staging tank battles.
C.
digging holes to trap enemy equipment.
D.
airplanes dropping bombs.
 

 7. 

At the Battle of the Somme, the Allies introduced
A.
propaganda.
C.
barbed wire.
B.
machine guns.
D.
tanks.
 

 8. 

Early in the war, the British navy
A.
sunk ships heading to the European mainland.
B.
blockaded Germany and mined the North Sea.
C.
traveled in convoys.
D.
patrolled the waters off the coast of Iceland.
 

 9. 

German U-boats
A.
protected German merchant ships.
B.
pursued a policy of neutrality.
C.
attacked ships bound for Great Britain.
D.
transported arms for the war effort.
 

 10. 

Even before the United States entered the war, it
A.
supplied war materials to the Allies.
C.
encouraged citizens to recycle.
B.
sent soldiers to Europe.
D.
began selling Liberty bonds.
 

 11. 

In March 1917 a German message to Mexico
A.
asked for its help negotiating peace.
B.
offered to help it reclaim lost territory.
C.
threatened to mine Mexican waters.
D.
demanded asylum for soldiers.
 

 12. 

The United States entered the war in
A.
1915.
C.
1917.
B.
1916.
D.
1918.
 

 13. 

African Americans, American Indians, and Mexican Americans
A.
often faced discrimination and segregation in the armed forces.
B.
were treated fairly and democratically.
C.
were forbidden to enlist in the armed forces.
D.
were drafted in larger numbers than white Americans.
 

 14. 

Important objects in a soldier’s pack included
A.
stamps and stationery for letters home.
B.
a dictionary with German phrases.
C.
portable telegraph equipment to identify the enemy’s position.
D.
a bayonet, a blanket, and a gas mask.
 

 15. 

U.S. troops sailing to France were part of the
A.
American Expeditionary Force.
C.
8th Cavalry Brigade.
B.
USO.
D.
U.S. Military Relief Forces.
 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement.
A.
Ottoman Empire
M.
Sedition Act
B.
Baron Conrad Von Hotzendorf
N.
National War Labor Board
C.
Lusitania
O.
Great Migration
D.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
P.
Sussex pledge
E.
Central Powers
Q.
militarism
F.
General John J. Pershing
R.
George Creel
G.
Juliette Gordon Low
S.
influenza
H.
Liberty bonds
T.
Eugene V. Debs
I.
neutrality
U.
Selective Service Act
J.
Kaiser Wilhelm II
V.
Serbia
K.
convoy system
W.
Zimmermann Note
L.
Vladimir Lenin
 

 16. 

the glorification of military strength
 

 17. 

led a propaganda campaign from the offices of the Committee on Public Information to encourage Americans to support the war
 

 18. 

the movement northward of African Americans between 1915 and 1930
 

 19. 

told troops they would be home “before the leaves have fallen from the trees”
 

 20. 

as the rest of the world went to war in 1914, President Wilson announced this U.S. policy
 

 21. 

a German submarine sunk this ship, and 128 Americans lost their lives
 

 22. 

sold by the government to raise money to support the war effort
 

 23. 

proposed a German alliance with Mexico
 

 24. 

the congressional act that required men between the ages of 21 and 30 to register for the military
 

 25. 

in charge of U.S. troops sent to France in June 1917
 

 26. 

U.S. warships escorted merchant vessels across the Atlantic Ocean
 

 27. 

one of the government acts used to silence dissenters during the war
 

 28. 

arbitrated disputes between workers and employers
 

 29. 

founded the Girl Scouts of America
 

 30. 

killed 600,000 in the United States and 20 million worldwide
 

 31. 

leader of the Bolsheviks who seized power in Russia in 1917
 

 32. 

Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire
 

 33. 

German government’s promise not to sink passenger ships without warning
 

 34. 

sentenced to prison for 10 years for making a speech against the war
 

 35. 

heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne who visited Sarajevo in June 1914
 



 
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